Protected Areas cannot be efficiently managed in isolation from the people and land use of the adjacent and enclave communities. Sustainable conservation of biodiversity in PAs requires a sustainable economic development of communities, to enhance the social and economic situation of the local population, and thus to reduce the pressure on the natural resources of the PA. Alternative incomes need to be created in order to develop alternatives to extractive natural resource use and overuse of resources. Complementary, the local population has to understand the necessity of activities of the PA also in relation to their own long-term livelihoods.
The foreseen outcome implies that adjacent communities of selected PAs benefit from investments in the socio-economic development. Forming a four-component approach to improving the livelihoods of people living in and adjacent to protected areas, the following investments are considered under Outcome Area 3:
- Institutional InvestmentsEstablishing and enhancing work of Regional Advisory Councils (RACs) to icrease effectiveness of the programme activities, facilitate the constructive interaction and communication among the PAs, SPPA-Georgia and population of adjustment communities, including identification and resolution of potential conflict areas on land use and natural resources management; to ensure application of participatory mechanisms in management planning process and in the management itself; assist, coordinate and monitor the socio-economic development programme in support zones at planning and implementation phases;
- Establishing co-management system grounded in socio-economic partnership between PAs and key stakeholders in the form of Protected Area Friends Associations (PA Friends Association). The aims of such Associations are to support development and management of PAs, including: conservation and protection of biodiversity, ecotourism development, involvement of stakeholders in the management, protection and development, socio-economic development of adjacent communities, promotion of PAs.
Social and Economic Investments
- Quick Start Measures (QSM): Oriented at community benefits rather than individual benefits and producing tangible results for the adjacent population and thus serving for trust building;
- Financial Participatory Approaches (FPA): Using direct financial resources for mobilizing local population to take charge of their own development. Through competitions and contests the individuals and groups of individuals can apply for funding of their investment projects in accordance to pre-defined funding areas. FPA is intended to be applied in annual cycles.
Major Output/results and dates
- End of 2014: Regional Advisory Councils and PA Friends Associations are established and functioning in three of the selected PAs (in Pshav-Khevsureti - from 2015)
- End of 2014: QSMs are implemented (Pshav-Khevsureti in 2015)
- End of 2015: Completion of the first FPA cycle and its evaluation
A detailed work plan for the Outcome Area 3 can be found here.